7 medicinal plants for your garden
In your garden you can grow not only decorative, but also useful crops. And we are talking not only about spicy herbs, our own harvest of herbs, vegetables, fruits and berries, but also about medicinal plants. They not only allow you to prepare your own herbal teas, but are also indispensable in traditional medicine and cooking.
Each summer resident has a unique opportunity not to buy medicinal herbs in a pharmacy, but to grow them on his own site, continuing the centuries-old traditions dating back to the monastery gardens. Moreover, most herbs are not only useful, but also unusually beautiful. From them you can make your own medicinal garden or decorate plants with gardens, flower beds and potted gardens.
We present you 7 medicinal herbs that everyone should grow:
Mint is a plant that can surprise anyone with its power. She has very branched, deep and strong roots, erect tetrahedral shoots. The plant rarely reaches 1 meter in height. Ovate, slightly elongated, with a beautiful serrated edge and pleasant to the touch leaves, are oppositely located on the branches. On the tops of the shoots spikelets of inflorescences of pale purple or whitish color are formed. Mint blooms throughout the summer.
The most popular and most effective type of mint is peppermint, which is characterized by a high menthol content and is easily recognizable by its beautiful cloves and the bluish edge of the leaf. But to the medicinal plants, one can rightfully rank such types of mint as fragrant and field (ordinary). As for decorative qualities, peppermint is also a leader here. A beautiful mass of fresh-looking and surprisingly bright greens creates a very beautiful background, looks good in the background of flower beds, in containers, under trees and shrubs. Mint is very fragrant and wraps the surrounding area with a noticeable trail of smell.
Features of cultivation and care
Mint loves moisture and bright lighting, but is able to survive even in the shade, requiring virtually no care. The only drawback of the plant is its fragility: mint in one place stays for about 2-3 years and tends to "wander" in neighboring territories, lose planting density, so it must either be constantly updated or mixed with other aggressive herbs. In the conditions of the middle lane and to the north for the winter it is better to protect plantings with dry leaves or a similar shelter.
What is the use of mint
Mint is characterized by painkillers, antispasmodic, antiseptic properties, the ability to dilate blood vessels, improve digestion and relieve symptoms of its disorder. Peppermint has become famous for its calming effect both with internal use and with external use in the form of lotions and moods for arthritis, rheumatism, inflammation and skin lesions. It freshens breath and lowers acidity, calms the heartbeat, relieves anxiety and stress, and helps fight heat and fatigue.
When to harvest mint
It is necessary to collect mint leaves in July and August, when the plants are just starting to bloom (it is better to collect in the morning or at dawn).