All About Lentils
Lentils - a small flat seed of an annual plant, belongs to the legume family. It is saturated with vegetable protein, it has been consumed since prehistoric times. Brown (continental) lentils produce a light nutty flavor during heat treatment; it is often added to salads, stews and casseroles. Red lentils are used in Asian cuisine. It has a light spicy aroma and is included in the recipe for Indian Dal. Lentil flour is used for baking vegetarian cakes and bread. It is sold in dry or canned form.
Lentils in ancient Egypt were grown for both domestic consumption and export - mainly to Rome and Greece, where it became the main source of protein in the diet of the poor.
In Russia, about lentils learned in the 14th century. But as other vegetables were imported, they replaced it, and in the 19th century it was no longer on our fields. And only in the 20th century they began to grow it again, but in small quantities.
As already noted, among cultivated plants, lentils are one of the oldest. Its grains in large quantities were discovered by archaeologists on the island of Lake Bienne in Switzerland, in pile structures belonging to the Bronze Age. The ancient Egyptians used lentils for various dishes; bread was made from lentil flour. In ancient Rome, lentils were very popular, including as a medicine.
Lentil beans contain a lot of protein, which determines their nutritional value. Also, due to its nutritional properties, lentils are able to replace cereals, bread and, to a greater extent, meat.
© Adiel lo
Among legumes, lentils have some of the best tastes and nutrition, they boil better and faster than other legumes, and have a more delicate and pleasant taste. Lentil seeds contain: carbohydrates - 48 - 53%, protein - 24 - 35%, minerals - 2.3 - 4.4%, fat - 0.6 - 2%. Lentils are an excellent source of B vitamins. Vitamin C appears in germinating seeds. Lentil protein contains vital amino acids that are well absorbed by the body. Lentils do not accumulate toxic elements of radionuclides and nitrates, so it belongs to environmentally friendly products. In 100 grams of seeds, its energy value is 310 kcal. Lentil decoction is advised to be taken during urolithiasis.
As was believed in antiquity, lentils are able to treat nervous disorders. According to ancient Roman doctors, with a daily intake of lentils, a person becomes more calm and patient. The potassium contained in it is good for the heart, and it is also an excellent hematopoietic product.
Some varieties of lentils, such as dish-shaped lentils, can reduce blood sugar, which is important for people with diabetes. To do this, it is recommended to include it in the diet at least twice a week. Lentil puree helps with stomach ulcers, colitis and duodenal diseases.