Caesalpinia for soil and tub
No matter how we strive to create gardens and collections of plants that require minimal care, it is impossible to resist the cultivation of something original. And even though exotic and rare plants require specific conditions, and sometimes extra attention, one kind of such “highlight” makes the gardener's heart beat faster.
Among garden exotics, there are many bulbous plants, and tuber crops, and those beauties that can only be grown in tubs. In recent years, more and more often at exhibitions and in landscape projects you can find a comparative novelty for us - luxurious Caesalpinia. This is a capricious and thermophilic plant, a considerable number of species of which can pleasantly surprise not only with the beauty of flowering, but also with the possibilities of decorating the garden.
Acquaintance with Paradise Flowers of Caesalpinia
Among the exotics, only gaining popularity, we have many plants with outlandish inflorescences. But even among them Caesalpinia (Caesalpinia) stand out. Not for nothing, these rare beauties in our country have earned so many flattering nicknames - “peacock flower”, “pride of Barbados”, “red bird of paradise”, “parrot bush”.
Brazilwood (Caesalpinia) - a genus of plants of the legume family (Fabaceae), which includes more than a hundred species growing in a warm climate.
Large and sparse shrubs and trees, in frame conditions and room culture not exceeding 1.5 m in height with an extraordinary lace crown enchant with its foliage. Bicoperose, complex palmate, they only remotely resemble acacia leaves, conquering with a more complex structure, amazing symmetry and a bright, light green-green color. And their ability to take shape at night further emphasizes the outlandish beauty. At the same time, a peculiar longline arrangement, an elegant and largely “layered” silhouette gives the plant charm. The whole bush looks festive and weightless, but at the same time - massive and magnificent.
But the extraordinary beauty of Caesalpinia is fully revealed only during the flowering period. This luxurious beauty produces amazing, resembling wheels or balls in shape with surprisingly elegant large flowers and, perhaps, the most unusual stamens in the world - long, drooping, resembling colored antennae. Yellow, orange, red, two-tone, cream flowers in unusual brushes seem outlandish birds. Cesalpinia seeds are hidden in flat, large and leathery "beans." When fully ripened, they crack with noise and scatter seeds over fairly large distances.
Caesalpinia - plants are beautiful, but not durable. They can easily propagate by cuttings, and layering, and seeds. The latter method is most often used with us: caesalpinia themselves are rarely sold, but their seeds go to garden centers along with other exotics.
Caesalpinia cannot charm. It is enough to look at these beauties at least once in bloom - and you will definitely want to get such beauty in your collection. But do not rush to write down Caesalpinia in the ranks of indoor plants: among these beauties there are cultures that can settle not only in greenhouses, but also unique species, which have the very place in the garden. Get to know the views of Caesalpinia closer.
The most famous beauty is the most beautiful Caesalpinia - indoor, greenhouse and garden exot
One of the most beautiful views. beautiful cesalpinia (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) Is an example of perfection of fiery flowers with long drooping stamens. In nature, it reaches more than 6 meters, develops in the form of a wide bush or squat tree, but in room culture it remains very compact and will never exceed 1.5 meters. The leaves are very bright, perfectly symmetrical due to the pairwise arrangement of the shares, the crown is dense and dense. Inflorescences-balls reach a diameter of 15 cm, they contain red, elegant flowers with corrugated edge of the petals, decorated with an uneven yellow border and the same stamens red in color. The flowers bloom gradually, in a kind of circle, due to which the effect of the "wheel" is created.
The finest Caesalpinia is so thermophilic that it needs a stable temperature and constant lighting conditions throughout the year. This caesalpinia adores bright light and does not tolerate a drop in temperature below 5-7 degrees. Comfortable temperatures are around 20-25 degrees in the summer and 15-18 degrees in the winter. But it can be taken out to fresh air provided that it is protected from drafts and precipitation: from June, when night-time cooling is over and until the first signs of autumn cold weather it can be used to decorate the garden. Moreover, it is the caesalpinia that are brought into the garden that bloom the most.
On a note: another type of caesalpinia whose seeds can be found on sale is pink caesalpinia. It grows more slowly than the most beautiful, but is similar to it in all other respects. Its name indicates the main distinguishing feature - a bright pink color of smaller and loose inflorescences.
A more hardy and winter-hardy beauty is Caesalpinia Gilles, which can be grown both in a tub and in soil
Caesalpinia Gilles (Gilles, Gilles) conquers yellow inflorescences. This Caesalpinia blooms more beautifully, the more fresh air it receives. This is the fastest growing species of caesalpinia, capable of blooming 10 months after sowing seeds. Outwardly, it does not differ from the most beautiful from the palette of flowering.
This Caesalpinia is one of the most unpretentious frame cultures. It is perfect for growing in the garden during the entire warm season and indoors - during late autumn, winter and early spring. On terraces and in recreation areas, it will not be afraid of drafts, will withstand stronger shading and will bloom colorfully from spring to autumn. The only “but” - the seeds of this culture are difficult to get, but the search for yourself will certainly justify itself.
But you can Gilles Caesalpinia (Caesalpinia gilliesii) grow in open ground. It can withstand temperatures up to -12 degrees, it will perfectly adapt to the climate of the southern regions and mild winters, provided that it is covered for the winter by the usual air-dry method. A distinctive feature of the species is the greater endurance of adult plants than young seedlings. If you grow this Caesalpinia for the first 3-4 years as a pot, and then transplant it into the ground, then it can be -15 degrees, and sometimes even more severe, without much difficulty and shelter. Where winters are mild, she will become one of the brightest soloists in the garden. In a hot climate, Gilles Caesalpinia is an evergreen plant, in small frosts it partially throws off foliage and even when dying and frostbite of the aboveground parts is restored and blooms this year.
In the middle zone, this beauty can be grown in the soil by digging for the winter and transferring it to containers in cold, but not freezing, light rooms. Since the root system of Caesalpinia is compact and shallowly located, the process of excavation, provided that the earth lump is preserved, will not harm the trees and the procedure is not difficult. There is an alternative option - digging pots of caesalpinia into the soil. Even if you take Caesalpinia away for storage each year, it will reach large sizes and will delight you with an unprecedentedly beautiful flowering.
Easy care for exotic caesalpinia
Beautiful Caesalpinia are grown as potted or tubular plants. They need not too large tubs or pots, the size of which is only slightly larger than the volume of the root coma. Loose, nutritious, light soil with good drainage is also important.
The main guarantee of success in their cultivation is maintaining a stable soil moisture, without excessive moisture, but also drying out the substrate. This species of Cesalpinia adores spraying foliage. Fertilizers for plants are applied every month: the lack of nutrients will certainly affect the beauty of flowering. Handle caesalpinia accurately, in the spring, annually or once every two years. Since Caesalpinia blooms on the shoots of the current year, branches are shortened and formed every spring at the very beginning of the growing season.
Gilles cezalpinia is grown in the tub and pot culture in the same way, but it is more hardy and can withstand droughts, albeit short-lived. Gilles Caesalpinia perfectly tolerates formation, does not need spraying, is not afraid of drafts and cold snap in the garden.
It is easier to grow Caesalpinia in the soil. Any quality soil, loose and nutritious, and minimal care in the form of watering in a drought is enough for them. To maintain the nutritional value of the soil during planting, make full mineral fertilizers and water the plant with them at the beginning of flowering - and the spectacular beauty will delight you with numerous inflorescences. Trimming is carried out as well as for frame ones.