We grow pepper. Proper feeding from the first days and the whole season
Sweet pepper is a thermophilic culture and quite demanding. Accordingly, growing seedlings of this vegetable has its own subtleties. Improper soil preparation and seed treatment, errors during picking, watering and top dressing, non-observance of light and temperature conditions can cause weakening of seedlings. In turn, this will sadly affect the harvest. In this article we will tell you how to grow healthy, strong seedlings of peppers, competently solving any problems that arise.
Correctly preparing the soil for seedlings of peppers
Growing seedlings of peppers, like any other culture, begins with the preparation of the soil. Soil structure is very important for pepper. Therefore, if you make the mixture yourself, make sure that the soil is light and loose. When using ready-made soil for pepper seedlings, everything is simpler - a set of necessary trace elements is already there, well, or should be. But the soil of their own preparation must be enriched with useful substances.
The company "Buyskie fertilizers" proposes to use the drug "OMU Rost", a complex organomineral fertilizer in granules, for these purposes. This is a unique long-acting agent, which includes humic acids, macro- and microelements necessary for the good development of seedlings. In addition to the basic NPK elements in a ratio of 7: 7: 8, OMU Rost contains in the required quantities magnesium, sulfur, copper, zinc, iron, manganese and boron.
Unlike conventional mineral fertilizers, the nutrients from which plants absorb only 25-30%, the percentage of assimilation from WMD granules reaches 80-90%. This is due to a unique technology in which the batteries are fixed in an organic granule. As a result, nitrogen and potassium are not washed out by water during irrigation, and phosphorus does not form insoluble compounds in the soil.
The presence of nutrients in a convenient form is not the only plus of the OMU Rost drug. Granules contain special strains of soil bacteria. In the course of their life, bacteria secrete enzymes that break down minerals, making nutrients available to plants.
Thus, due to the presence of beneficial elements, bacteria and humic substances in the composition, OMU Rost improves the soil structure, protects the root system from pathogens, nourishes plants and helps increase yield. Moreover, the harvest - environmentally friendly! The use of the drug significantly reduces the presence of toxins, radionuclides and heavy metals in the fruit, but the content of vitamins, proteins and carbohydrates - increases!
Using WMD Rost is very simple. To enrich the soil for growing pepper seedlings, 1 packet (50 g) of the product is added to 5-7 liters of soil and mixed well. If the drug is used as top dressing, 5-15 g of granules are scattered over the surface of the soil in a container and carefully plowed into the soil by loosening.
Top dressing from the first days to flowering
Growing up, pepper seedlings quickly spend nutrients from the soil, so their supplies must be replenished. At the initial stage, the peppers need in sufficient quantities:
- phosphorus - it is this element that is responsible for the good development of the root system;
- nitrogen - helps to form a strong above-ground part (however, its excess will lead to excessive growth of shoots to the detriment of flowering);
- potassium - increases the number of ovaries and improves fruiting, so this element in large quantities is not needed at the initial stage of seedling development.
The complex mineral fertilizer “Aquarin For Seedlings” in a convenient water-soluble form will provide young peppers with all the necessary substances. A mixture of powder and granules, in addition to the required NPK in an ideal ratio of 13:41:13 for the initial stage, contains iron, zinc, magnesium, boron and a number of other elements necessary for the proper development of seedlings.
A well-balanced composition of "Aquarium for seedlings" will increase the resistance of pepper seedlings to disease, help withstand adverse weather conditions when planting in open ground, improve flowering and fruiting.
Plants most fully absorb microelements in chelated form and chelates are the basis of this fertilizer. Complex organic salts are quickly absorbed by plants and are not fixed in the soil. This property allows you to get a quick visible effect at a reduced dose.
“Aquarium for seedlings” is intended for root and foliar top dressing of seedlings from the initial period to flowering. For watering and spraying, a solution of 10-20 g of the drug per 10 liters of water is prepared on the sheet. Top dressing is carried out every 7-14 days, alternating between watering and spraying. After planting in open ground, top dressing does not stop until the first buds appear. Processing on the street is carried out in the morning or evening hours or in cloudy weather.
Planting pepper seedlings in open ground
Healthy pepper seedlings, grown in accordance with all the rules and not experiencing nutritional deficiencies, as a rule, tolerate planting well in open ground. The further development of plants largely depends on the soil in your beds - how fertile it is.
The company "Buisky fertilizers" recommends planting seedlings of peppers with the use of complex organic-mineral fertilizer "WMD for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant". This is a basic fertilizer of prolonged action, which will provide young plants with all the necessary elements for the entire growing season.
The unique technology for the production of granules and the superproducts of WMD products have been described above. The composition of the "WMD for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant" includes NPK in a proportion of 5: 7: 12, humic compounds and a number of essential trace elements - copper, zinc, iron, magnesium and boron. An optimally selected balance of trace elements, nutrients and bacteria has a beneficial effect on many processes: the growth and resistance of plants to diseases increases, the structure and moisture permeability of the soil improves, and the yield and quality of the fruits increase.
There are several ways to use "WMD for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant":
- Variation when digging the soil before planting seedlings (30 g per 1 m²);
- Local application at planting (20 g per well)
- Plant nutrition followed by watering and loosening 1-3 times with an interval of 20 days (10-30 g per 1 m²)
How to improve the flowering and fruiting of peppers?
Topping seedlings of sweet pepper does not end with planting in the open ground and the beginning of flowering. For high-quality fruiting, plants will need phosphorus and potassium. It is these microelements that are responsible for the normal development of the root system, accelerate the onset of flowering and fruiting, improve the quality and increase the yield, enhance plant immunity and disease resistance.
Growing, pepper seedlings may be deficient in phosphorus and potassium. You can notice this by the leaves: with a lack of phosphorus, the leaves acquire a purple hue, potassium - the color of the leaf plate becomes dark green with a blue tint, and an edge burn may appear on old leaves. In such cases, additional phosphorus-potassium foliar top dressing is performed.
The complex mineral fertilizer "Monopotassium phosphate" is ideally suited for phosphorus-potassium top dressing of pepper in both open and protected ground. As part of the preparation, these important elements are contained in a high concentration of P2O5 - 50% and K2O - 33%. It is possible to apply water-soluble fertilizer for root and foliar top dressing.
The first top dressing is carried out in the phase of 2-3 real leaves, the second 10-15 days after diving or transplanting seedlings in open ground. For feeding seedlings, 7-10 g of the drug is dissolved in 10 liters of water, for feeding adult plants - 15 g per 10 liters.
When using the drug "Monopotassium phosphate" minimizes the risk of burns when spraying on the sheet, so the use of this drug is safe for plants. It is also noted that spraying with this tool helps to get rid of powdery mildew, if applied at the first signs of the disease.
Dear readers! Use at all stages of growing pepper seedlings modern, environmentally friendly and, at the same time, effective preparations from the reliable company "Buisky fertilizers". You can ask any questions regarding the use of drugs on the pages of the company's social networks, as well as in the comments to this article. Healthy and strong seedlings for you!