Beets are so irreplaceable
When we talk about beets in everyday life, we mean ordinary beets (Latin: Béta vulgáris) - a species of the beet genus of the Amaranth family (previously the genus belonged to the Mareva family). It is cultivated everywhere. In the southwestern regions of Russia, in Belarus and in Ukraine, the plant is called beetroot or beetroot. In the dictionaries of the Russian language it is said that it is right to speak beets, not beets.
Beets are one of the most popular vegetables. Almost like a native, and it seems that all the time she grew and lived only in our area. But no. In 1-2 thousand BC. e. leaf beets were eaten (presumably on the islands of the Mediterranean Sea). The first root forms were well known by the 4th century BC. By the beginning of our era, cultural forms of ordinary root beet appeared; in the X-XI centuries. they were known in Kievan Rus, in the XIII-XIV centuries. - in the countries of Western Europe. Wild beets are still growing in the regions of Transcaucasia and Asia Minor.
Interestingly, the ancient Greeks consumed beet leaves, previously soaked in wine. As for Tiberius, he generally collected beet from the peoples he had conquered. But it was thanks to him that the beets came to Europe. And from Byzantium in the tenth century, beets came to us. Delicious beets liked our ancestors and since then has become a popular vegetable in our country.
Beets are not only popular in cooking, but known among doctors. And Hippocrates, and Avicenna with Cicero, and Virgil with Plutarch argued that beets are the most useful vegetable for humans. It is beets that are included in the diet of those who suffer from heart diseases, especially hypertension. Beetroot is indicated for those who suffer from diabetes mellitus or anemia, and those who have problems with the blood circulation of the kidneys and liver.
A bit about beet biology
First of all, beets love heat and a lot of sunlight and do not tolerate dark areas. It is medium cold resistant. True, if there is an excess of moisture, it is possible that the beets cannot rise. And the man himself does not always harm with moisture. Ground water is contraindicated for beets, they lead to the fact that the roots of the fetus begin to rot. That's why they almost always try to plant beets on high beds.
In order for the beets to be good, beets must be well fertilized. But it should be remembered that beets are especially in need of two types of minerals - nitrogen and potassium. At the same time, nitrogen is refilled at the beds at the very beginning of the season, and potassium at the end. If the plant receives little nitrogen, then growth is delayed and the yield drops sharply. But potassium beets protects against diseases, improves the quality of tubers and keeping quality.
Beets can be planted on the soil where cucumbers, cabbage or potatoes once grew.