Fruit varieties of viburnum
As you know, viburnum is a medium-sized shrub or small tree that produces fruits that ripen in late August or September. They are scarlet with juicy flesh and a very large seed inside. These berries are used in cooking, for medicinal purposes, eaten both processed and fresh.
General information about viburnum
In Russia, viburnum has been known for a long time, it is reckoned among the native Russian cultures along with mountain ash and birch. Real breeding work was started in our country with viburnum only at the end of the twentieth century, that is, relatively recently.
The very first varieties of viburnum appeared in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1995, only 22 years ago, they are relevant to this day, these are cultivars: Zholobovskaya, Souzga and Ulgen. The newest variety was included in the State Register in 2016, this is the Aurora cultivar. In total, 14 varieties of this wonderful culture are currently included in the State Register.
It is interesting that viburnum does not have a strict gradation by region, it is a universal culture with a set of properties that make it possible to successfully grow one or another variety in regions that are completely different in climatic characteristics.
It is conditionally possible to divide the varieties of viburnum available in the State Register into three large groups - those varieties that are more suitable for the northern regions, because they are highly winter-hardy. Varieties that give the best yields in the center with its longer than in the north, a warm period and plenty of moisture. And varieties that give record yields only in the south, where droughts are not uncommon. As a result, six varieties can be distinguished and recommended for the northern regions and four varieties for the center of Russia and the south of the country.
See also our detailed articles: Planting and propagation of viburnum and viburnum - all about growing.
Varieties of viburnum for the north
Let's start with the northern regions, here such varieties as Zarnitsa, Shukshinskaya, Vigorovskaya, Sunset, Maria and Ryabinushka will feel better here.
Sort of viburnum Zarnitsa, - ripens in early September, the fruits are bitter, therefore it is better to process them. The plant looks more like a tree than a bush, forms up to five skeletal branches, gives little growth. The fruits are arranged in an umbrella-shaped scutellum, they are not very large, about 0.65 g, the shape is ellipse, the color is light red.
The fruits have up to 8% sugars, more than 110 mg% ascorbic acid and anthocyanins. Tasters evaluate the taste of the fruits of this variety at 3.6-3.8 points out of five possible. The variety is characterized by the highest winter hardiness and fairly good productivity - about four kilograms of fruit per plant.
Kalina Shukshinskaya, - this variety ripens in early September. Outwardly, this bush (not a tree) has up to six skeletal branches and grows quite actively. The leaf blades are light green, turn purple closer to autumn. The fruits are arranged in an umbrella-shaped shield, they have a spherical shape and a mass of about 0.55 g.
The color of crimson-scarlet berries, the taste is good, but the bitterness is palpable. In fruits, up to 10% sugars, more than 55 mg% ascorbic acid, anthocyanins. The variety is highly winter-resistant, has partial self-fertility and propagates well with green cuttings. Productivity is about three kilograms per plant.
Kalina Vigorovskaya, - This variety was obtained from crossing Taiga rubies and Ulgeni. The fruits of the variety ripen closer to mid-September. Plants of the variety are shrubs having from three to five skeletal branches and reaching a height of three meters. Fruits are arranged in umbrella-shaped shields. Leaflets are green with pronounced lobes.
The fruits have the shape of a ball, their weight is from 0.51 to 0.53 g. The pulp of berries with an abundance of juice, which contains up to 13.9% sugars, slightly more than 1.5% of various acids, of which up to 45 mg% ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is very pleasant, bitterness is almost not felt, tastes taste is estimated at 4.3 points, which is very high for viburnum. The plants themselves are highly winter-resistant and productive (about five kilograms per plant).
Sort of viburnum Sunset, - the fruits of this variety are ready for harvest in early September, they are very bitter, and therefore suitable only for processing. Plants are shrubs with straight shoots, quite vigorous.
Ripened berries, for viburnum, are quite large, about 0.72 g, their shape is round, fully ripened they acquire a rich scarlet color. Productivity is very high - more than seven kilograms per bush. The variety is highly winter resistant, resistant to pests and diseases.
Kalina Maria, - berries of this variety can be harvested at the very end of August, the fruits are quite pleasant to taste, there is bitterness, but it is unobtrusive, so the berries can be eaten fresh or put into processed products. Variety plants are shrubs with a slightly spreading crown. Leaf blades are very large and green.
The fruits are medium in weight, usually from 0.61 to 0.63 g, their shape is round, with full ripening they become light scarlet. Productivity is quite high - up to ten kilograms per adult plant. This variety is highly tolerant, not affected by diseases, from pests only occasionally it is attacked by aphids.
Ryabinushka, - this variety was obtained by simple selection among the seedlings of viburnum near the Bogataya River. The result was a variety whose fruits ripen at the very beginning of September, but do not differ in good taste, noticeably bitter. A variety plant is a bush very sprawling with large leaf blades of dark green color.
The fruits of the variety have an oval shape, a fairly dense skin, they are devoid of a “viburnum” aroma unpleasant for many, when ripened they acquire a rich red color and have a good mass for viburnum, which reaches 0.71 g. Due to the fact that the bush is powerful and the berries are quite large; more than nine kilograms of the crop can be harvested from one adult plant. The variety is highly winter-resistant and just perfect for growing in the northern regions.
Varieties of viburnum for the central regions
In the center of Russia, such varieties as Zholobovskaya, Souzga, Ulgen and Taiga rubies will show themselves better in terms of yield and marketability of berries.
Sort of viburnum Zholobovskaya, - obtained by selection among seedlings of viburnum in the wild. The fruits are ready for harvest in mid-September. Plants of this variety are shrubs with a very compact crown. When planted in two-year-olds, the first fruits can be obtained in the third or fourth year. The berries are collected in an umbrella-shaped shield, they are slightly elongated and have a spherical shape and a bright red color.
The average weight of the berry is about 0.58 g, each has a rather juicy pulp with hardly noticeable bitterness, we can say that the fruits are sweet. The tasting score is about 4.1 points, which is a very good indicator for viburnum. Each viburnum fruit contains up to 18% solids, more than 11% sugars, about 1.5% acids, up to 115 mg% ascorbic acid and over 715 mg% P-active compounds. The maximum yield of the variety is about five kilograms per bush. Alas, the variety requires pollinators and needs additional watering.
Kalina Souzga, - the variety was obtained by selection among wild-growing seedlings of viburnum. The fruits ripen closer to the end of September. Plants of this variety are rather compact bushes, giving the first crop 3-4 years after planting two-year-olds on the site. The berries are arranged in an umbrella-shaped shield, they have a spherical shape and a rich red color when fully ripened.
The average mass of the fruit is about 0.66 g, they all have a juicy flesh, with barely noticeable bitterness. Taste is estimated by tasters at 3.7-3.9 points. Each fruit contains up to 10% sugars, about 1.9% acids, more than 137 mg% ascorbic acid and more than 580 mg% P-active compounds. The maximum yield reaches 6.6 kg per bush. Alas, the variety is self-fertile, requires pollinating varieties on the site and needs additional irrigation.
Sort of viburnum Ulgen, - this variety was obtained by selection among seedlings grown in nature. The fruits ripen around the middle of September. Plants of this variety are shrubs that have a compact crown and enter fruiting for 3-4 years, when planted in two-year-olds. The berries are arranged in an umbrella-shaped shield, they have a spherical-elliptical shape and a rich red color.
The average weight of the berry is about 0.69 g, each has a juicy pulp with a slightly bitter aftertaste. Taste by tasters is estimated at 4.1 points. Each fruit of this variety contains up to 12.5% sugars, about 1.9% acids, more than 129 mg% ascorbic acid, and up to 560 mg% P-active compounds. The maximum yield from the bush is about four kilograms. Alas, the variety is self-fertile, requires pollinating varieties on the plot and needs additional irrigation.
Kalina Taiga Rubies, - this variety was obtained by selection among seedlings from free pollination of common viburnum. The fruits ripen closer to early September. Variety plants are typical shrubs reaching a height of three meters and having a crown of the same diameter as the height of the plant. The fruits are arranged in an umbrella-shaped shield, they have a spherical shape and reach a mass of 0.51 g.
Each berry contains up to 9.6% sugars, more than 1.5% acids, about 130 mg% ascorbic acid, and up to 668 mg% P-active compounds. The taste with bitterness, but also the sweetness is felt, so tasters rate the taste at 3.4-3.6 points. The variety reproduces well with green cuttings, yields about three kilograms from a bush and requires mandatory additional watering.
Varieties of viburnum for the southern regions
For the south, grades that are moderately demanding on moisture, withstanding small dry periods and in such conditions capable of producing high yields, are suitable: the Red bunch, Elixir, Pomegranate bracelet and Aurora.
Kalina Red bunch, - the fruits ripen around mid-September. Plants of this variety are shrubs with a slightly spreading crown and large, dark green in color, leaf blades. Berries in the south grow quite large - up to 0.75 g, their shape is round, the color is dark red. Taste in southern conditions without bitterness. Productivity is about five kilograms per bush. The variety does not require pollinating varieties and additional irrigation, is able to tolerate drought.
Sort of viburnum Elixir, - the fruits ripen closer to mid-September. Plants of this variety are shrubs with a slightly spreading crown and large, dark green leaf blades. The fruits are arranged in umbrella-shaped panicles, each berry has a rounded shape and burgundy color. The taste of fruits can be called sweet, bitterness in the south is almost invisible.
The fruit mass reaches 0.81 g, and the maximum yield is up to five kilograms per bush. Each berry contains up to 10% sugars, less than 2% acids, up to 60 mg% ascorbic acid and above 1000 mg% pectin. The variety tolerates heat and drought well, does not require additional watering and pollinating varieties.
Kalina Garnet bracelet, - the fruits of this variety ripen in the first ten days of September. Variety plants are typical medium-sized bushes with a slightly spreading crown. Leaf blades are medium in size, green in color. The berries are quite large, exceed a mass of 0.81 g, have an oval shape, slightly elongated at the apex and a dark red color.
The maximum yield is about five kilograms per bush. Each berry contains up to 10.5% sugars, about 2% acids, over 32 mg% ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is very pleasant, so tasters evaluate it at a maximum of 4.4 points for viburnum. The variety is not afraid of heat and drought.
Aurora, - the fruits of this variety ripen closer to mid-September. Plants of the variety are dwarf shrubs, with a slightly spreading crown. Leaf blades are small, light green in color. The berries are very large, up to 0.71 g, they have a rounded shape, rich red color.
The maximum yield is about five kilograms per bush. The fruits contain up to 8% sugars, just over 2% acids, over 42 mg% ascorbic acid. The taste of fruits in the south is quite pleasant, tasters rate it at 4.1 points. The variety is not afraid of drought.
All these varieties can be safely grown in these regions, they have been tested and proven to be reliable.