Even when pronouncing the very name of this flower, its delicate aroma is already felt ... Jasmine (Jasminum) Is a genus of evergreen shrubs from the olive family. It should not be confused with shrubbery mock-up, which in Russia is often incorrectly called jasmine. Jasmine is grown as an ornamental plant and as a home plant. Do you want to grow jasmine at home? Then let's figure out how to do it.
- Jasmine Botanical Description
- Indoor Jasmine Care Tips
- Propagation of indoor jasmine
- Types of Indoor Jasmine
- Useful properties of jasmine
- Possible growing difficulties
Jasmine Botanical Description
Jasmine - curly or erect shrubs with simple, triple or pinnate leaves without stipules and large regular flowers. Corolla of flowers is white, yellow or reddish separate, mostly with a narrow long tube, inside of which there are 2 stamens with short threads; ovary upper, turning when ripened into a berry.
Homeland of jasmine Asia, Arabian po, Transcaucasia, North of China. At present, about 200 species that grow in the warm belt of both hemispheres, including subtropics, are included in the genus Jasmine.
In the Caucasus and in the Crimea, two species grow and grow wildly: Jasmine yellow (Jasminum fruticans), and Jasmine is real or white (Jasminum officinale).
Indoor Jasmine Care Tips
Jasmine is kept in summer at ordinary temperature. In winter, jasmine is kept at a temperature of about + 8 ... + 10 ° C, at least + 6 ° C. In winter, Jasmine Sambac is kept at a temperature of + 17 ... + 18 ° C, a minimum of + 16 ° C, preferably not higher than + 22 ° C, at a higher temperature it is necessary to maintain high humidity.
Jasmine is photophilous, for good development and flowering he needs good lighting, protected from direct sunlight in the summer during the hot hours of the day. Jasmine grows well in eastern windows without shading.
In spring and summer, plentiful, the soil should be slightly moist all the time. In winter, watering is more moderate. Jasmine does not tolerate the drying out of an earthen coma, but stagnation of water in the roots should be avoided. Water for watering jasmine should be tepid at any time of the year and always soft. It is better to use filtered water or boiled rainwater.
Fertilizer watering during the period of active growth from April to August - once a week, with liquid fertilizer for flowering indoor plants (potash fertilizers).
In summer, jasmine is regularly sprayed with soft water.
Jasmine is transplanted in the spring, in March. Young plants are replanted annually, old ones in 2-3 years. Soil: 1 part of clay-turf, 1 part of leaf and 1 part of sand - for young plants. For old plants - clay-sod land is taken in 2 parts.
Jasmines tolerate pruning painlessly. In the spring, before the start of intensive growth, plants need to be cut off significantly, it can be 1/3 and even half the length of the shoots. Such pruning contributes to the formation of additional lateral branches, at the ends of which flowering will subsequently occur. In order to prolong flowering in the summer, pinch the shrub, leaving 6-8 pairs of leaves on the shoots.
Propagation of indoor jasmine
Jasmines breed in spring and summer. In spring, last year's lignified shoots remaining after pruning are used as cuttings, and in summer, green shoots are used for rooting.
In both cases, harvested cuttings are planted in a substrate consisting of equal parts of washed large river sand and peat, covered with glass or plastic wrap, and the air temperature is maintained at not lower than + 20 ° C.
In some species, the roots are formed too slowly, so it is advisable to treat the cuttings with heteroauxin or its analogues. Rooted cuttings (after about 20-25 days) are planted in pots with a diameter of 7 cm. An acid substrate is used, consisting of leaf soil, coniferous soil, peat and sand (2: 2: 2: 1). In the future, young plants are transplanted every year, more adults - after 2-3 years.
Types of Indoor Jasmine
Jasmine officinalis (Jasminum officinale) - a vine with lignified stems, cirrus leaves and white flowers, collected 5-6 pieces in a racemose. The flowers are small - about 2.5 cm in diameter, but very fragrant. It blooms all summer. It begins to bloom in adulthood.
Jasmine multiflora (Jasminum polyanthum) - a vine with woody stems, cirrus leaves, similar to the previous view. The buds are pink, and the blossoming flowers are white, collected 15-20 pieces each in a racemose inflorescence. It blooms in spring. Flowering begins at a young age.
Jasmine sambac (Jasminum sambac) - a vine or climbing bush, with lignified pubescent stems. Leaves are opposite, bare or slightly pubescent, oval or ovoid, up to 10 cm long. Inflorescence is a brush of 3-5 large fragrant white flowers.
Jasmine primrose (Jasminum primulinum) - its creeping stems are tied to a support. The leaves are dark green, very elongated and pointed at the end, arranged in three. The flowers are yellow, odorless, blooms in spring or summer.
Useful properties of jasmine
For medicinal purposes, all parts of the jasmine officinalis are used. Leaves are used as an antipyretic to reduce lactation; in the form of compresses, they are applied to skin ulcers. The raw root is used for headaches, insomnia, and painful phenomena associated with fractures.
Jasmine is prescribed before surgery - in traditional medicine of the East, there is evidence that pieces of root 2-3 cm long, extracted with wine, cause a loss of pain for one day, 5 cm long - for 2 days, etc.
Fragrant flowers are added to tea. Jasmine essential oil is a strong antidepressant, it strengthens the nervous system, eliminates the feeling of anxiety and anxiety. Japanese physiologists have concluded that the aroma of jasmine invigorates stronger than coffee.
Jasmine oil is used in the perfume industry, it is used for medicinal baths, it is prepared to be rubbed from it for muscle pain, and added to massage oil. Branches and shoots go to weaving baskets and making tubes. Large-flowered jasmine is cultivated for industrial purposes in many countries of the world. All real jasmines are beautiful honey bees.
Possible growing difficulties
Jasmine is most often affected by a red spider mite (in dry air, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves).
The plant can be helped by treatment with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with Actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water) every three days.
Jasmine will perfectly decorate your interior and give an unforgettable aroma. Its cultivation will not cause much trouble, try it! And if you already grow jasmine at home, share this experience in the comments to the article. We will be very grateful.