Synganthus - state-of-the-art indoor cereal
The variety of indoor plants is so great that it would seem impossible to surprise with new types of plants. But the active expansion of their assortment with new decorative herbs, which are finally rated as excellent candidates for indoor culture, replenishes the list of available options with completely unexpected shapes and textures, plants so original that they seem like artificial decor. The perfectly straight lines and the absolute graphicness inherent in the curtains of this plant are unique. And when the flowering begins, the synganthus completely turn into an unearthly spectacle.
Singonanthus - graphic in absolute embodiment
Synganthus (Syngonanthus) - a representative of ornamental cereals from the family Sherstestelbelnikovyh or Eriokaulonovye (Eriocaulaceae) This plant is found in southern Africa, and in South America, and in Japan. In nature, the species diversity of syngonanthus is determined by 80 species, most of which are protected as endangered plants. For unusual inflorescences and perfectly straight lines of flower stalks, they are often nicknamed "hat pins."
Syngonanthus is a unique plant and in its representation. Until recently, not only a single species was grown as a houseplant, but a single variety of this plant - “Mikado”. Most often, it is even indicated in the description simply as the Mikado synganthus without mentioning the species name, although this variety refers to Golden-flowered synganthus (Syngonanthus chrysanthus) And accordingly, the correct Latin name of this unique plant is Syngonanthus chrysanthus cv. Mikado, not just Syngonanthus Mikado. The growing interest in synganthus, which is rather difficult to pass by, expanded this representation a little and occasionally on sale individual species plants - Golden-flowered Synganthus, and three varieties with excellent colors of greenery and inflorescences - Silver, Gold and Orange, but remain affordable and popular. only one plant variety, incomparable in its beauty, and often under the same name, it is still hiding the same - "Mikado".
Like any cereal, syngonanthus develops in the form of a dense tufted tuft - a “bundle” of grass-shaped, long, narrow lanceolate leaves. But the leaves of the synganthus are so dense that they retain their perfect evenness even along the edges of the curtain. they are spread radially in an almost perfectly symmetrical, strictly hemispherical turf with a height of 10 to 25 cm, they seem graphic, created by the designer, and not by nature, by a miracle.
The flowering of synganthus continues for almost the entire period of active vegetation, the plant releases from 20 to 50 peduncles from the center of the outlet. Delightfully tall and perfectly even “sticks” of inflorescences, the color tone of which exactly matches the color of the leaves in the sod, is more than 2 times higher than the leaves of the synganthus in height. And crowned with bizarre and unusual for cereals button inflorescences - basket inflorescences with a diameter of about 1-2 cm with tubular golden flowers. Externally flat flowers evoke associations either with classical dried flowers, or with the center of daisies, as if they suddenly lost all their reed petals. The shape of the buttons of the synganthus inflorescence is maintained until the flower blooms and miniature reed petals of the corolla with cream color appear, similar to a paper wrapper. This plant has a very limited color palette: golden yellow flowers and cream petals - these are all the variations. But the way these colors are in harmony with the dark and rich colors of the green of the synganthus is just a small miracle. Each inflorescence is kept on the plant for about 6 weeks.
Home Care for Synganthus
When deciding to buy a synganthus, it is worth considering that this is not the most durable cereal. Rapid flowering for a long time and the impeccable beauty of the turf plant retains several years, after which it must be replaced with a new one.
Synganthus are not plants for everyone. When you see them for the first time, it pulls to replenish the collection with bizarre unearthly cereal. But deciding on the cultivation of synganthus is only after meeting with its requirements. This plant is very sensitive, needs specific care and constant monitoring of the growing environment. It is suitable for experienced, not beginner growers. Any deviations in temperature, lighting, watering, top dressing, and even in air humidity can be detrimental to syngonanthus.
This cereal is a photophilous plant that will rapidly lose its decorativeness even in light shading. The plant can be displayed both in sunny areas and in diffused bright lighting. In summer, turf should be protected from midday rays to prevent loss of leaf color. In winter, it is advisable to increase the lighting or provide artificial lighting to the Singhanthus.
Synganthus feel great at ordinary room temperatures, are not afraid of even heat, provided that stable air humidity is maintained. During the active vegetation of synganthus, the most comfortable temperatures are from 21 to 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, it is advisable for them to lower the temperature by at least a few degrees to fully prepare for flowering next year (but at the same time, it is still impossible to drop below 16 degrees). The optimum temperature is 16-18 degrees.
Subject to reliable protection against precipitation, synganthus for the summer can be exposed to the open air. The plant is afraid of drafts at any time of the year. It can only be placed in protected places.
Watering and humidity
Synganthus are very sensitive to both the quality of water for irrigation and the moisture of the substrate. They can only be watered with soft, preferably rain or boiled water. Synganthus irrigation is carried out in such a way as to maintain uniform light soil moisture, without hesitation in the direction of waterlogging or drying out of the soil. Watering is carried out as soon as the uppermost (1-2 cm) layer of the substrate dries. The standard frequency of procedures is 3 times a week in the summer. Water is drained from pallets immediately after watering. In winter, soil moisture is reduced, also controlling the degree of soil drying in the upper layer, but waiting 1-2 extra days before the next watering (the soil should dry to a depth of 4-5 cm).
Syngonanthus can be watered both in a classical way, and by a method of the bottom watering. The latter option is simpler, since in no case the rosette of leaves should be soaked in the plant, and even small drops of water should fall into the base of the turf of the synganthus.
Synganthus, unlike most cereals, are big lovers of a humid environment. These amazing plants need to maintain at least 50% air humidity (optimal 75%). You can install any type of humidifier for the plant, but spraying is undesirable even with extreme caution: wetting the leaves can lead to the spread of fungal diseases and rapid death. Synganthus grows beautifully in moist florariums and paludariums.
Feeding for synganthus
For excellent cereal, a universal fertilizer with basic macro- and microelements or a fertilizer for rhododendrons with a high iron content is suitable. Fertilizers for synganthus are applied only from May to September, with a standard frequency of 1 procedure per week, but by reducing the dosage recommended by the manufacturer by 2–3 times.
Synganthus transplant and substrate
This cereal does not need a transplant. Syngonanthus are grown in the same container in which they bought the plant until it begins to lose its decorative effect and degenerate. Then the cereal is simply thrown away. The reason for this caution is very simple: synganthus is not only afraid of root injuries and any “anxiety”, but almost never experiences a transplant. Therefore, you need to grow it in the same pot as much as the plant itself will stretch. If you want to change the style of the container, simply use the double pot strategy and put a small planter with a syngonanthus into the desired outside without a transplant.
If you are faced with any special circumstances, want to try to save this cereal, then try to very carefully transfer it to acidic, with a pH of about 4-4.5 soil with a light breathable texture, prepared on the basis of peat and leafy soil with gravel, roots ferns, bark or in special soil for rhododendrons and heathers. For syngonanthus, a very high layer of drainage is laid (per third of the tank). The plant is grown in compact pots (usually choose standard containers with a diameter of 11 cm with a slightly higher height).
Synganthus diseases and pests
Indoor pests on synganths are almost never found; the plant can be threatened only by aphids when it spreads throughout the collection. But diseases, especially fungal ones, are not so rare. They can spread with any waterlogging and wetting of the leaves or the base of the turf.
Common problems in growing syngonanthus:
- the appearance of brown spots on the green during wetting or wetting leaves of syngonanthus;
- stunting during irrigation with hard water;
- loss of leaf turgor, leaf curl, loss of leaves and buds in an uncomfortable environment.
Reproduction of synganthus
The main breeding method for this cereal is seed cultivation. Vegetatively, syngonanthus do not reproduce: unlike garden crops, separation of curtains will not lead to rejuvenation. But the seed method is not for home use. Synganthus from seeds is grown according to the technology of orchids, in test tubes. This is a very complex process, which is only possible for professional flower companies and greenhouses with specialized equipment. So the only way to get this plant is to buy it already grown.