On the bed should not be crowded
If the sowing rate was overestimated, and this often happens when the seeds are small, such as carrots, beets, leeks, lettuce, radishes, parsley, turnips, then as the plants grow, they begin to obscure each other, compete among themselves for light , soil nutrition, water. Therefore, when two or four true leaves appear, hurry up to thin out the seedlings. The lack of light, especially in the first weeks of growth, leads to the stretching of plants, root crops are late formed or not formed at all (for example, radishes), and no heads are tied up in lettuce. In addition, pests and pathogens “attack” weakened plants. Let's look at the example of specific crops, how many times and at what distances thinning should be carried out.
© Roberta F.
Thinning is best done in the evening, at which time plants are less injured. When thinning densely growing root crops, the roots of the remaining plants are exposed. They are sprinkled with soil, carefully leveled and watered from a watering can with a small strainer. Thinning work is rather laborious, but it pays off, as you will get large healthy plants, and not “mouse tails”, as sometimes happens with inexperienced gardeners.
Most varieties beets from each fruit (glomerulus) several seedlings develop. When thinning for the first time, leave 2-3 cm between the plants. When root crops are formed with a diameter of about 1.5 cm, thin out the beets to a distance of 5-8 cm. Plants removed during the first thinning can be planted on the sides of the beds occupied with onions, lettuce, dill. While the seedlings take root and grow, onions and other early ripe vegetable crops will be ready for harvesting. To less injure beet roots, it is planted in holes prepared in advance with a peg. Plants for transplantation should be no higher than 10-12 cm, ugly root crops are formed from larger ones.
All root crops with a round root crop can be planted (radishes, turnips, rutabaga, etc.) - they are not threatened with branching of the roots located in the lowest part of the future root crop.
Turnip and radish thin out once, leaving between the plants in a row of 4 cm. rutabaga the leaves are larger, so the plants in the row should be 10-12 cm apart from each other. Early radish plants give an optimal yield when the distance between them in the row is 4-5 cm, later - 6-8 cm.
Plants with a long root crop (carrots, parsley, parsnips, etc.) cannot be planted, because the bulk of the root hairs are evenly distributed over the entire part of the future root crop and even the slightest damage to the root growth point leads to branching. As a result, the root crop forms a curve, ugly, with intertwined roots.
Seedlings carrots thin out, leaving at first the distance between plants in a row of 1-2 cm, and later 4-5 cm. Root crops remaining in the soil are immediately sprinkled with soil, because when thinning out carrot plants, essential oils are secreted, which can attract a carrot fly. She lays eggs on a naked root crop, the larvae penetrate into it and gnaw passages in it. As a result, young plants dry up, if damaged at a later age, root crops become ugly and even wormy.
Parsley thin out the root crop, leaving a distance of 7-8 cm between plants. If you need only parsley, thinning can be done during the summer using torn plants as fresh greens to the table.
Parsnip thin out only in the late evening, as in the sun the plant releases substances that cause skin burns. It will be useful to wear gloves. Parsnip leaves are large, so the distance between plants should be 10-12 cm.
- T. Zavyalova, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, St. Petersburg