Varieties and hybrids of undersized tomatoes, or Tomatoes for the lazy
Looking at the variety of tomato varieties, it’s hard not to get lost - the choice is very wide today. Even experienced gardeners, he sometimes confuses! However, it’s not so difficult to understand the basics of selecting varieties “for oneself”. The main thing is to delve into the features of culture and start experimenting. Varieties and hybrids with limited growth are one of the easiest to grow tomato groups. Having a number of advantages, they were always appreciated by those who do not have much energy and time to care for the beds. And also due to the fact that many of them have early ripening dates, this varietal row does not need a garter, and some of them need formation. In this article we will consider the most interesting varieties and hybrids of undersized tomatoes.
Features of undersized tomatoes
Low-growing tomatoes are considered varieties and hybrids that grow in a determinant type, that is, independently stopping in growth. The height of the bush in such plants is from 30 cm to 1.2 m. The yield is friendly.
The determinant type of tomato is a variety or hybrid that stops growing after the formation of 4-8 brushes.
Such tomatoes are developing rapidly. Tolerate adverse conditions. They require a smaller area of nutrition. Often resistant to disease. And despite the fact that their productivity is lower than that of indeterminate ones, you cannot call it low. And undersized tomatoes are ideal for seedling cultivation.
Read more about growing tomatoes directly by sowing in the soil in the article We grow tomatoes without seedlings - varieties, advantages and disadvantages of the method.
Dwarf tomatoes, or super determinants
The most undersized varieties of tomatoes are varieties and hybrids - "dwarfs", with a bush height of up to 40 cm. Usually they are grown on window sills and balconies, in small containers. But you can plant these "kids" in the open ground and in the greenhouse.
The main positive qualities dwarf tomatoes is the resistance of seedlings to overgrowing, early ripening, extended fruiting period, fruit-sized fruits, also suitable for canning.
No need for pinching - their bushes grow dense, compact - another plus. Standard varieties have resistance to lodging, so they do not need to be tied up, except to support a very abundant crop. They have good immunity in relation to the main diseases of tomatoes and adverse weather conditions.
TO disadvantages superdeterminants can be attributed to low yields, compared with larger varieties, and a poor selection of flavoring shades - they all have the usual tomato flavor, sometimes a little sweeter, sometimes a little sour.
Varieties and hybrids of dwarf tomatoes: “Balcony Red F1”, “Balcony Elo F1”, “Bonsai”, “Venus”, “Linda”, “Balcony miracle”, “Balcony yellow miracle”, “Pearl red”, “Snegirek”, “Baby Cherry Red F1” , "Potted red", "Grotto", "Pepper-shaped fortress" and many others.
In a greenhouse, these varieties can act as a sealant.
Ampelic varieties of tomatoes
Not very popular, but completely unpretentious is a group of ampelous tomatoes. Despite the fact that the word “ampelous” indicates the need to suspend a variety or hybrid in a basket, the plant does not lose anything by throwing its lashes on the ground.
Positive qualities These tomatoes are the lack of a tendency to stretch, resistance to adverse factors (they feel good even in shading), prolonged fruiting, good taste, free growth - without pinching and pinching.
When growing ampelous tomatoes in hanging baskets, the plants do not stepson for the first time. However, later, if desired, they can begin to thin out to reduce the load on the bush and avoid excessive thickening.
Disadvantages it should be attributed to small-fruity, when grown on the ground, without a garter to the support - contamination of the fruit after rain.
Ampel varieties and hybrids of tomatoes: “Red F1 Cascade and Elo F1 Cascade”, “Talisman”, “Garden Pearl”, “Potted Red”, “Potted Yellow”, “Citizen F1”, “Ampel Tiger”, “Red Cornucopia F1”, Garden Pearl, etc.
Even less well-known, but actively gaining popularity, thanks to high productivity and unpretentiousness, a group - tomatoes with a creeping bush form. Relative large-fruited (mass of tomatoes up to 200 g) and power of the plant itself distinguishes them from ampelous ones.
Positive qualities these varieties are resistance to adverse conditions (including strong winds), early ripening, long fruiting period, high yield, tasty fruits, lack of need for garter and pinching.
Disadvantages include fruit contamination during rains and a small selection of varieties.
Creeping varieties: "Mongolian dwarf", "Korean creeping", "Japanese creeping", "Chicken pock".
Determinant varieties begin to ripen already on 80–100 days after emergence.
Tomatoes up to 60 cm high (determinant)
Tomatoes about 60 cm high are the favorite group of many gardeners. Usually these are early varieties and hybrids, characterized by a compact bush, but already requiring garter.
The benefits such varieties are:
- ripening dates (ultra-early, early, mid-early),
- long fruiting period,
- high stable yield
- often the uniformity of the fruit in shape and size,
- good tomato flavor
- universality of use,
- resistance to diseases and adverse external factors,
- a wide selection of shape and color of fruits.
TO disadvantages This group includes the need for pinching and instability to lodging (many varieties need a garter).
Varieties of tomatoes, up to 60 cm high: “Sanka”, “Honey cream”, “Explosion”, “Gardener parsley”, “Shuttle”, “Klusha”, “Chibis”, “Barnaul canning”, “Buyan”, “Ground Gribovsky”, “Flame”, “ Stanichnik ”,“ Cadet ”,“ Early Masterpiece ”,“ Amur Dawn ”,“ Kurnosik ”and many others.
Due to the early ripening, superdeterminant and determinant varieties manage to give the main crop before the onset of late blight.
Tomatoes from 60 to 90 cm high (determinant)
Often the choice of gardeners are tomatoes 60-90 cm high. Usually these are early ripening varieties or medium early ones.
Benefits of this group: early harvest, plants can not be stepson, or stepson to the first brush, a wide selection of color, size, shape and taste characteristics of the fruit.
Disadvantages: mandatory garter, as tomatoes can fall under the weight of the ripening crop, the formation of a bush.
In the south and in the middle zone, determinant varieties of tomatoes are grown in open ground, in the northern regions - in greenhouses.
Varieties of tomatoes from 60 to 90 cm: "Regiment commander", "Orange", "Summer resident", "Butuz", "Lisa", "Honey bunch", "Reckless", "Countryman", "Sugar bison", "Alsou", "Skorospelka", "Hazel" , "Tayyana", "Leopold F1", "Golden Bullet", "Large-barreled Shtambov" and many others.
In the south, almost all determinant varieties can be grown without pinching. In the middle lane and north of these varieties, either the stepsons are removed, forming a plant in one stem, for an early harvest; or in two, leaving the stepson under the first flower brush; or 3-4.